Usually your baby no longer needs baby food at this age. Give your baby table foods cut up into very small pieces. It’s important for your toddler to eat protein, fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy products. Most 1-year-olds have 2 or 3 snacks each day. Cheese, fruit, and vegetables are all good snacks. Avoid foods that can choke your child, such as candy, hot dogs, popcorn, and peanuts.
If your child has an allergic reaction to a food, have your child checked by his healthcare provider. There is no evidence that restricting foods after 6 months of age helps to prevent food allergy. If your child does not have allergies, asthma, eczema or hives, or has mild allergies, some studies suggest that eating small amounts of foods such as peanuts may help prevent severe allergies. Talk with your child’s healthcare provider if you have questions about foods or food allergies.
When your child is 1 year old, your child can start drinking cow’s milk. Give whole milk rather than low-fat or skim milk. Almost all toddlers need the extra calories in whole milk until they are 2 years old. Serve milk at all meals. If you are still breast-feeding, you may choose to keep breast-feeding or you may wean your baby at this time.
This is also the time to wean your child completely off the bottle and switch to an open-rimmed cup. Although a sippy cup has the advantage of reduced spills, it can affect the position of your child’s teeth and is more likely to cause decay.
Your child will not grow as fast during the second year of life and may eat less. Trust his appetite.
Some children start walking before their first birthday and some later on. Watch your child closely as he becomes able to explore new places. Shoes protect your child's feet but are not needed when your child is learning to walk indoors. Bare feet help your child balance with his toes. If your child needs shoes to walk outside, choose shoes with a flexible sole.
Pointing to things and saying what they are called helps your child learn new words. Let your child to touch things while you name them. Regularly talk to your child. You can describe what you are doing or what your child is doing. And be sure to listen to your child. You may not always understand what he is saying, but it helps to pause when you are talking so that he can say something back to you. Smile and praise your child when he learns new things. Your child enjoys knowing that you are pleased that he is learning.
Reading and Technology
Read to your child every day. Children who have books read to them learn more quickly. Choose books with lots of pictures and colors.
Limit how much time your child spends with technology. Play games, read, or watch TV with your child and communicate with your child while you do. Children this age need to be active because it helps their brains and bodies to develop. Play and interact with your child, and be a role model by limiting your own use of technology.
It’s important to take care of your child’s baby teeth because they help your child chew food and speak clearly. They also help save space for the permanent teeth that will come in later. You can help care for your child’s teeth by following these tips:
By 1 year of age your child should start seeing a dentist every 6 months or as often as the dentist recommends.
Child-Proofing Your Home
Choking and Suffocation
Fires and Burns
Immunizations protect your child against several serious, life-threatening diseases. At the 12-month visit, your child will get any shots or vaccines recommended for your child at this age. For example, your child may have:
Bring your child's shot record to all visits with your child’s healthcare provider.
Your child may have a fever and be irritable for a few days after the vaccines and may also have soreness, redness, and swelling in the area where the shots were given.
Ask your healthcare provider what symptoms or problems you should watch for and what to do if your child has them.
Your child's next visit should be at the age of 15 months.