Urinary blockage is something that slows or stops the flow of urine. Any part of the urinary tract may become blocked. This includes the:
This problem is also called urinary obstruction.
There are many possible causes of urinary blockage, such as:
The symptoms depend on where the blockage is and how much it is stopping the flow of urine. Symptoms may include:
Your child may not be able to urinate at all, or the flow of urine may be less than usual. The flow may stop and start and your child may not be able to control it. Your child may have dribbling after urinating.
Your healthcare provider will ask about your child's symptoms and medical history and examine your child. A sample of your child’s urine will be tested. Your child may have the following tests to look at the organs inside the belly and help find where the blockage is:
The treatment for urinary blockage depends on its cause and how severe it is. The goal is to get urine flowing normally again. This will relieve pain and prevent damage to the kidneys and urinary tract.
If the blockage is between a kidney and the bladder, your child’s healthcare provider may put a drainage tube called a stent in the ureter to drain urine from the kidney. Your child may need additional surgery to remove or bypass the cause of the blockage.
If the blockage is between the bladder and the opening of the urethra, your child’s provider may put a catheter into the urethra to drain urine from the bladder. A catheter is a thin, flexible tube. The catheter is usually left in place for a few days or until the cause of the problem can be treated. It also allows the bladder to return to normal size after having been stretched out from holding more than the normal amount of urine because of the blockage.
If the blockage is caused by a stone, your child’s healthcare provider can remove or break up the stone if it does not pass on its own.
If the blockage is caused by a medicine your child is taking, the provider may recommend that your child stop taking the medicine, or change your child’s medicine.
A catheter in the bladder will make it easy for your child to urinate. Then your child’s healthcare provider will remove the catheter as soon as possible to prevent infection.
Follow the full course of treatment prescribed by your child's healthcare provider. Ask your child’s healthcare provider:
Make sure you know when your child should come back for a checkup. Keep all appointments for provider visits or tests.
Some causes of urinary blockage cannot be prevented.
It may help if your child: