This test measures the amount of chloride in your child’s blood. Chloride is one of several chemicals in the blood called electrolytes. Electrolytes help control the amount of fluid in your child’s body and the way the muscles, nerves, and organs work. Your child needs the right balance of chloride and other electrolytes in his body to stay healthy. The balance of electrolytes in the body can be affected by food, medicines, drinking too much or too little water, or problems with your child’s lungs, kidneys, and other organs.
Salt is often the main source of chloride in the diet.
The chloride level is usually measured along with several other electrolytes to help diagnose certain diseases or conditions. The test can be helpful for checking problems with the kidneys, adrenal glands, digestive system, muscles, and nerves.
This test may also be done to see how well treatment for a disease or condition is working.
Your child's healthcare provider makes a tiny cut in the baby's heel to get a small amount of blood to test. A small amount of blood is taken from a vein in your child’s arm with a needle. The blood is collected in tubes and sent to a lab.
Ask your healthcare provider when and how you will get the result of your child’s test.
Some of the reasons your child’s blood level of chloride may be higher than normal are:
Some of the reasons your child’s blood level of chloride may be lower than normal are:
Test results are only one part of a larger picture that takes into account your child’s medical history and current health. Sometimes a test needs to be repeated to check the first result. Talk to your healthcare provider about the result and ask questions, such as: