Orchitis is swelling and redness (inflammation) of one or both testicles. The testicles are part of the male reproductive organs. They are in a sac of loose skin, called the scrotum, which is below and behind the penis. The testicles make sperm and the male hormone, testosterone.
The tube that stores and carries sperm from the testicles to the penis can also be swollen and irritated. This is called epididymitis and may happen along with orchitis.
Orchitis in children may be seen 4 to 7 days after the child has had mumps. Additionally, orchitis may be caused by infections, blockages, and inflammation from:
Sometimes no cause can be found.
Symptoms may include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history and examine him. Tests may include:
If your child’s orchitis is caused by a viral infection such as the virus that causes mumps, it should get better in a few days. If it is caused by a bacterial infection, your child’s healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotic medicine.
Children should have the first measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) shot when they are 12 to 15 months old and the second when they are 4 to 6 years old. Teen adult males who get mumps can have problems with one or both testicles. In rare case, this can cause sterility.