Nephrotic syndrome is when the filters in the kidneys are damaged and let too much of the body’s protein (albumin) pass into the urine.
The kidneys are inside the belly, on either side of your spine just above the waist. They make urine by removing waste products, extra salt and other minerals, and water from the blood. Glomeruli are the tiny filters in the kidneys that help remove waste products from the blood.
Nephrotic syndrome may be inherited, which means that it is passed from parents to children through their genes. Genes are inside each cell of your body. They contain the information that tells your body how to develop and work.
Nephrotic syndrome may also be caused by anything that harms the filters in the kidney such as:
Your child may not have symptoms. If your child has signs and symptoms, they may include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history and examine your child. Tests may include:
The treatment of nephrotic syndrome depends on the cause. Your healthcare provider may prescribe medicines to treat your child’s blood pressure and remove extra fluid from his body.
Sometimes it will get better on its own. Sometimes it gets worse and leads to kidney failure. In serious cases, your child may need dialysis.
Dialysis uses a machine to do the work of your child’s kidneys. It removes waste products and extra water from your child’s blood and can be life saving. Dialysis usually needs to be done several times a week.
Your child may need a kidney transplant.
Follow the full course of treatment prescribed by your child’s healthcare provider. Give any medicines exactly as directed by your child’s provider.
Ask your child’s provider:
You can get more information from: