A knee fracture is a break or crack in 1 or more of the bones in the knee joint. It may be just a bend or small crack in the bone, or the bone may break into pieces or shatter. Some fractures may stick out through the skin.
The bones in the knee include the upper leg bone (also called the thighbone or femur), the 2 lower leg bones (the tibia and the fibula), and the kneecap (patella).
Knee fractures can happen in many ways, like falls, car accidents, sports activities, or direct hits to the knee.
Symptoms may include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and how the injury happened. Your provider will examine your child. Tests may include X-rays or other scans.
The treatment depends on which bone or bones are broken and the type of fracture.
With treatment, the fracture may take 4 to 6 weeks to heal. Your child may need to do special exercises to help the leg get stronger and more flexible. Ask your child’s healthcare provider about this.
Follow the full course of treatment your child’s healthcare provider prescribes.
To keep swelling down and help relieve pain, your child’s provider may tell you to:
Ask your child’s healthcare provider:
Make sure you know when your child should come back for a checkup.
Most knee fractures are caused by accidents that are not easy to prevent. However, here are some things that can help prevent injury: