A finger dislocation means that the bones in your finger have moved out of place so that the joint no longer works properly. The dislocation can put pressure on the nerves and blood vessels in your finger and can damage them. When your finger is dislocated, you may also have broken bones.
Your finger may have less flexibility and strength for many weeks. Sometimes the joint swelling may take weeks or months to go away, and in some cases may be permanent.
A dislocated finger is usually caused by a fall, a hit to the tip of your finger, or getting your finger caught in something. It may also be caused by weak or loose ligaments that you were born with. Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that connect one bone to another.
Symptoms may include:
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history and examine you. You will have X-rays.
Your healthcare provider will put the bones back in the correct position. You may need to have a local anesthetic to keep you from feeling pain when this is done. Your provider will gently pull apart the injured parts and reposition them in the proper place. If your finger cannot be properly repositioned, you may need surgery.
Your finger may be placed in a splint or taped to the finger next to it (buddy taped) for several weeks. This prevents your joint from moving while it heals. When the splint is removed, your healthcare provider may recommend stretching and strengthening exercises to help you heal.
Follow the full course of treatment prescribed by your healthcare provider. In addition:
Ask your provider:
Make sure you know when you should come back for a checkup. Keep all appointments for provider visits or tests.